Concussion Treatment and Brain Injury Care

Concussion Rehabilitation in Edmonton with Zone Psychology

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head or body. In fact, most whiplash motions have the potential to become a concussion. Although there may be no signs of injury this doesn’t mean a concussion hasn’t occurred.

At Zone Psychology Edmonton, we use cutting edge, Cognitive-Perceptual Training technology to accurately assess and more importantly, treat your concussion symptoms and systematically improve your brain function. In most cases, Neurofeedback and Biofeedback are recommended for rehabilitation.

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury. Concussions can be caused by a blow to the head or body. In fact, most whiplash motions have the potential to become a concussion. Although there may be no signs of injury this doesn’t mean a concussion hasn’t occurred.

Following a suspected concussion, a player should be immediately removed from play.

Concussion Symptoms May Include:

  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Slurred speech
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Appearing dazed
  • Fatigue
  • Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Confusion or feeling as if in a fog
  • Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
  • Dizziness or “seeing stars”
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea

Our rehabilitation protocol includes:

  • Cognitive-Perceptual Training
  • Neurofeedback
  • Biofeedback
  • Heart Rate Variability Training
  • Audio Visual Entrainment (Photic Biomodulation)

Our Rehabilitation Program Begins with a Comprehensive set of Tests

  • 19 channel QEEG
  • TOVA
  • A series of Cognitive Performance Tests:
      • Sustained attention
      • Episodic memory
      • Visual and auditory short-term memory
      • Sequential Memory
      • Visual and auditory working memory
      • List retention
      • Stroop test
      • Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
      • Executive functioning

Concussion Protocols

  • “When in doubt, sit them out!”
  • If you feel dizzy, nauseous, have a headache, blurred vision or just feeling “not right”, remove yourself from the game.
  • See your family physician.
  • See a chiropractor to determine if your headaches are from any neck damage or pinched nerves.
  • Set up a recovery program.

Remember, most concussions will not show up on CT scans or other neuroimaging processes. There is also no set time for recovery, as everyone is different.

“Concussions aren’t just from a “blow” to the head – any body blow can cause the whiplash effect that injures the brain.”

“The degree of severity is determined over time by symptoms and relief of symptoms.”

6 Steps to Return To Play and Academics

A typical return to play or activity protocol is as follows.

Please note that each level is a step, not a day, so it may take more than one day to proceed with each step. However, each step should take a minimum of one day.


No activity, only complete rest. Proceed to step 2 only when symptoms are gone.


Light aerobic exercise such as walking or stationary cycling. Monitor for symptoms or signs. No resistance training or weight lifting.


Sport specific activities and training (e.g. skating in hockey). No contact or risk of contact.


Drills without body contact. May add light resistance at step 3 or 4 and then progress to heavy weights


The time needed to progress from non-contact to contact exercise will vary with the severity of the concussion and player.

Begin drills with body contact.




The key to this approach is that the athlete should only continue to the next level when asymptomatic at the current level

If you suspect you or a loved one has had a concussion, or if you are engaged in a sport where the risk of concussion is high, Zone Performance Concussion Service provides baseline testing and concussion management services that can help your long-term health and safety.

  • Baseline testing
  • Counselling & education
  • Counselling & education
  • Chronic concussion service
  • Assessment & treatment
  • Management of concussions that are slow to resolve

The Concussion Program offered at Zone involves a multidisciplinary team, including a clinical neuropsychologist and a Chiropractor.

What is baseline testing?

The biggest concern surrounding concussions comes from the energy deficit that occurs in the brain following injury. When the brain is in this low energy state, it has been well established that the brain is extremely vulnerable to additional trauma, where even smaller impacts can lead to another concussion; and these second concussions can cause severe brain injuries with potentially permanent or fatal outcomes.

The problem is that symptoms (meaning how someone feels) do not coincide with brain recovery. The only way to know when the brain has fully recovered and out of this “vulnerable period” is to compare current brain function to when the individual was healthy; this is what is known as a “baseline test”.

A baseline test is a battery of tests that measure every area of brain function that could potentially become affected following a concussion (you need more than computer tests!!). The reason that the test is termed a “baseline” is that it is done BEFORE the athlete gets injured. In order to know when an athlete has fully recovered, we first have to know where they were when they were healthy. Without having this information, there is no way to truly know when an athlete has fully recovered and is safe to return to their sport.

Baseline testing is the most important thing to get done prior to beginning your sports season on a yearly basis.


Our concussion baseline testing keeps you safe on the field, on the ice, or in the ring.

“We want you to avoid the bench this season. Our concussion baseline testing can make all the difference.”

We believe every athlete playing a contact sport (hockey, soccer, football, lacrosse) should have baseline testing completed before the beginning of each season.

Comprehensive baseline testing helps you and your coach know when you’re ready to get back in the game if you experience a concussion during the season. Your concussion experience, like yourself, is unique.

Insurance Coverage for Treating Concussions

Zone Psychology offers DIRECT BILLING. Your concussion treatments may be covered by your health insurance plan or employee health benefits. Contact us or your health insurance provider about coverage.

No Referral Required

You don’t need a doctor or psychologist referral to get a neurofeedback assessment done.

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